Having a case of the Mondays? Starting today, we’d like to help cure your dread of this wretched, wretched day with a look at some famous gemstone marvels from around the world.
For today, we’ll be focusing on the Cullinan Diamond, the largest gem-quality diamond ever found. Discovered in January 1905 in South Africa, this diamond was roughly 4.1 inches long (at the longest point) and a whopping 3,106.75 carats!
Though discovered by the mine’s superintendent, the diamond was named after the mine’s owner, Sir Thomas Cullinan. Purchased by the Transvaal government (a former British colony), the diamond was later presented as a token of loyalty to King Edward VII.
The Cullinan Diamond sired 7 major stones and 96 smaller ones. The two major stones, referred to as Cullinan I and Cullinan II, were set into the Sceptre with the Cross and the Imperial State Crown (respectively); Cullinan III and Cullinan IV originally decorated the crown of Queen Mary, consort of George V, but were both later replaced by crystal models. They are now worn publicly as brooches.